Global Advocacy for African Affairs
Democracy/Politics

COVID-19: Strong International Partnerships Key to Bolstering Africa’s Response

If there ever was a time for
full-scale global solidarity and cooperation to fight for health rights that
time is now because no one country would ever be able to prevent or fully
control the COVID-19 pandemic on its own. We are faced with an unprecedented
situation brought about by the emergence and rapid spread of COVID-19, the
biggest public health emergency of our time.

Indeed, COVID-19 has triggered a
humanitarian and socio- economic crisis that is already devastating societies
and reversing vital gains made in human development.  The magnitude of the
crisis is becoming clearer with every day passing. It could have a massive
impact on peace and security, development, human rights but, above all on the
lives and livelihoods of ordinary people, particularly the poor and the most
vulnerable, who struggle to eke out a living in an already highly unequal
world. Unfortunately, the hard reality is that many lives will be lost before
the pandemic is brought under control and its wider ramifications will be felt
for years to come. Its immediate and long-term impact on the developing world
is expected to be massive. And, given Africa’s acute vulnerabilities, without
an aggressive and concerted intervention, the human toll of the crisis in the
continent, and its socio-economic ramifications, could be unfathomable. Unless
global solidarity is extended, Africa will once again be left behind. 

Since the pandemic started, most
countries have focused, understandably, on protecting their nationals. However,
it has become clear that fighting the disease only within one’s borders will
not be effective in combating a pandemic that, by its very nature, is global.
International support and solidarity are required to beat COVID-19.

African countries have shown
leadership individually and collectively. The African Union has established an
Africa Taskforce for Coronavirus (AFTCOR) to develop a unified continent-wide
strategy— and sectoral strategies to combat the virus and its impact are being
developed. African Member States are taking a number of measures to contain the
spread of the virus and mitigate its socio-economic impact. Clearly, that will
not be enough.  

Africa lacks the financial resources,
the infrastructure and the human capacity to mount an effective and
comprehensive response matching the scale of the problem. Over $200 billion
will be needed to implement the Africa-CDC preparedness strategy. Additional
resources will be needed to tackle the direct and indirect non-health
consequences of this crisis. The UN and the African Union are coming together
to overcome this challenge. The Secretary-General has called on G20 leaders to
adopt a stimulus package for developing countries. A humanitarian appeal for
US$ 2 billion has been launched. An African Anti-COVID-19 Fund has been
established by the Bureau of the Assembly of the African Union Heads of State
and Government. Calls for debt cancellation and suspension have been made. And
some support from the international community and private donors has started to
arrive.

But, again, more will be needed. Let
us not forget that ultimately it is about saving lives and livelihoods. In the
short term, efforts will have to concentrate on stopping the COVID-19 pandemic
and strengthening social protection and safety nets to tackle its immediate
effects.  Poverty and inequality are a reality on the continent that
leaves many people vulnerable and destitute. The most vulnerable segments of
the population will fall victim to the virus and therefore require urgent
support. Social isolation and washing hands are amongst the important measures
but are not easy for people who live in overcrowded homes and neighbourhoods,
without water and sanitation and living from hand to mouth. This no doubt puts
additional strains on the capacity of African governments. As argued, the virus
has brought into sharp focus the level of inequalities that exist in the world,
while it does not discriminate but attacks everyone in its path.

We will also need to lay the
foundations for a strong post-COVID-19 recovery in the medium and the
long-term. The Sustainable Development Goals and the Agenda 2063 are a clear
way forward. When the UN General Assembly launched the Decade of Action 
last September to accelerate progress towards the SDGs, it warned us that the
world was lagging behind. Unfortunately, we are now witnessing the
consequences. Strong health systems, good nutrition and clean air are basic
instruments to fight COVID-19 and pneumonia. The world definitely needs to take
action and realize that sustainable and inclusive development is the best way
to prevent a future pandemic. As the Secretary-General said if “done right, we
can steer the recovery toward a more sustainable and inclusive path”.

Let us not lose this opportunity. We
can do it. We just need to work together. As an African proverb says, “you need
all the fingers to pick up the flour”. Let us all join to defeat this
virus in Africa and in the world. We are not too late. Figures show that the
virus is starting to spread in Africa. If the world reacts swiftly, if support
for Africa scales up, we are on time to stop its expansion. It is in the
interest of the entire world to do so; this is a virus that knows no borders.

We plead with all African actors
locked in conflict to respond, with immediate action, to Secretary-General
António Guterres’ call for a global ceasefire. Some have already accepted the
call. The momentum is growing. There is no greater adversary to all humanity
today than the COVID-19 virus that is devastating us indiscriminately, an
adversary that is blind to all the differences that divide us.

On our side, the UN Office of the
Special Adviser on Africa (OSAA) will continue to support the Secretary-General’s
efforts to foster a coherent and coordinated response of the UN System in its
support to Africa and to step up its global advocacy in support of Africa’s
fight against the COVID-19. This is the way to achieve the Africa we want and
to ensure that we leave no one behind.

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